War-date $1.00 exchange note issued by The Western & Atlantic Rail Road, 6 x 2.75 in., Atlanta, June 3, 1862, with locomotive and carriage vignette, offering to give the bearer $1.00 in 'current Bank Notes' when $5.00 worth of these notes are presented. Punch canceled, lightly toned. The line was founded on December 21, 1836 with the city of Atlanta founded as its terminus. This line, originally built to 5 ft. gauge, is famous because of the Andrews Raid (commonly referred to as the 'Great Locomotive Chase'), which took place on the W & A on April 12, 1862 during the Civil War. Volunteers from the Union Army, led by civilian scout James J. Andrews, commandeered a train, 'The General', and took it northward toward Chattanooga doing as much damage as possible to the vital line as they went. They were pursued by Confederate forces at first on foot, and later on a succession of locomotives, including 'The Texas', for 87 miles. Because the Union men had cut the telegraph wires, the Confederates could not send warnings ahead to forces along the railway. Confederates eventually captured the raiders and quickly executed some as spies, including Andrews; some others were able to flee.