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Lot 158

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Description: ANDREW JOHNSON VETOES THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1866
SAMUEL JACKSON RANDALL (1828 - 1890) Democratic Representative in Congress from Pennsylvania (1863 - 1890). Very fine content A.L.S. 1p. oblong 8vo., Washington, Mar. 29, 1866 to fellow Democratic Representative Adam John Glossbrenner (1810 - 1889). Two days after Andrew Johnson vetoed the Civil Rights Act of 1866, Randall sends Glossbrenner an urgent message to be present in Congress to defeat an anticipated Republican vote to override Johnson's veto. He writes, in full: "I was with [the] President last night. He wishes all here - on Monday morning to be present during the whole session of that day. Do not fail to be here." Just to be sure Glossbrenner knew the purpose of the summons, Randall added the word "Veto" at the end of the letter. Andrew Johnson had vetoed the act on March 27, 1866 because he did not feel that such a fundamental law, guaranteeing blacks equal protection and citizenship, should be passed with eleven of the states unrepresented in Congress. More frankly, in a letter to Gov. Thomas C. Fletcher of Missouri he wrote: "This is a country for white men, and by God, as long as I am President, it shall be a government for white men." Johnson's efforts were in vain: both houses overrode his veto by wide margins. In order to prevent Constitutional challenges, the Radical Republicans drafted the Fourteenth Amendment. Minor marginal tears and usual folds, else very good condition.

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March 30, 2011 11:00 AM EDT

Stamford, CT, US

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