ADOLF HITLER MERGES ROHM'S MOTOR-SA WITH THE N.S.K.K.
(1889 - 1945) Fuhrer of Germany and Nazi Party leader, Hitler's bloody rise to power, his military seizure of most of Europe and North Africa and his genocidal racial policies culminated in suicide in his Berlin bunker as Russian troops approached. Important D.S. marked 'Secret', 1p. 4to., Berlin, Aug. 13, 1934, only weeks after the 'Night of the Long Knives' and the murder of Ernst Rohm and much of the leadership of the S.A., Hitler officially orders the consolidation of the Nationalsozialistisches Kraftfahrkorps (N.S.K.K.) with the Motor-S.A., the S.A.'s motor corps. In this 'Fuhrerbefehl', or 'Fuhrer Order", Hitler decrees: '...From now on, the National Socialist Motor Corps together with the units of the Motor-SA will be combined to form a unit 'National Socialist Motor Corps' [NSKK]. It reports directly to me. I will hand over this management to the head of motor transport at the SA, Obergruppenfuhrer [Adolf] Huhnlein. The areas of responsibility of the National Socialist Motor Corps and its cooperation with the various branches of the movement are regulated separately...' At bottom it is noted that distribution of copies of this order are to be sent to Huhnlein, Rudolf Hess, and the Chief of Staff of the S.A., Viktor Lutze. Boldly signed by Hitler in black ink at conclusion. Some old, clear tape residue along two margins and at horizontal fold, a vertical fold, else fine. The NSKK was a crucial element of Hitler's plans for war. NSKK vehicles transported hundreds of thousands of men to Organization Todt construction projects, most notably on the Siegfried Line. The NSKK was also used to transport German army troops, supplies and ammunition, and by the outbreak of the war, the NSKK had already trained approximately 200,000 men. NSKK members, along with paramilitary police, the Waffen-SS, and the German Army were all culpable in varying degrees for large-scale arrests, torture, and mass executions during the war. Huhnlein was promoted NSDAP Reichsleiter in 1938 and he remained NSKK Korpsfuhrer until his death in 1942, when he was succeeded by Erwin Kraus. The NSKK was disbanded in May 1945 and declared a 'condemned organization' at the Nuremberg Trials.