Scarce broadside, a petition "To the King's Most Excellent Majesty" 1p. folio, (London: Printed for H. Jones, 1688). Presented only two days before James II would join his army of 19,000 at Salisbury to oppose the Protestant army under the command of William of Orange. The petition, presented to James by the Archbishops of Canterbury and York, together with the Bishops of Ely and Rochester on Nov. 17, 1688, implores the king: "We your Majesties most Loyal Subjects, in a deep sense of the Miseries of a War now breaking forth in the Bowels of this your Kingdom, and of the Danger to which your Majesties Sacred Person is thereby like to be Exposed, and also of the Distractions of your People, by Reason of their present Grievances, do think our selves bound in Conscience of the Duty we owe to God and our Holy Religion, to your Majesty and our Country, most humbly to offer your Majesty, that in our Opinion, the only visible ways to preserve your Majesty and this your Kingdom, would be the calling of a Parliament, Regular and Free in all its Circumstances. We therefore most earnestly beseech your Majesty, that you would be graciously pleased will all speed to call such a Parliament, wherein we shall be most ready to promote such Councels and Resolutions of Peace and Settlement in Church and State, as may conduce to your Majesties Honour and Safety, and to the quieting the Minds of your People... ". Signed in print by eighteen noblemen including Henry Fitzroy, 1st Duke Grafton, Charles Sackville, 6th Earl of Dorset, Henry Hyde, 2nd Earl Clarendon, Burlington, Rochester and Newport. Moderately damp stained and foxed with several substantial marginal losses which minimally affect the text, usual folds, minor tears, else good to very good condition. James II responded to the petition, promising a new Parliament "...as soon as ever the Prince of Orange has quitted this realm...". Needless to say, William of Orange did not quit the realm, and James went into exile in France at the end of December. After a new Parliament passed a bill of rights, William was crowned King in April, taking an oath to obey the laws passed by Parliament.